Monday, November 30, 2015

Chapter 15: appreciating diversity

  • diversity: variations in social & cultural identities among people living together
  • multiculturalism: ACTIVE process of acknowledging & respecting the diverse social groups, cultures, religions, races, ethnicities, attitudes, & opinions w/in a community
  • many of our beliefs come from personal experience & reinforcement
  • stereotypes: an oversimplified set of assumptions about another person or group
  • more likely to develop stereotypes if you have negative experiences involving members of a group
  • types of diversity: age, religion, physical ability, gender, sexual orientation, etc.
  • ethnicity: affiliation assigned to group historically connected by common national heritage or language
  • culture: aspects of group of people that are passed on or learned (traditions, beliefs, etc.)
  • race: refers to biological characteristics shared by groups (skin tone, hair texture, facial features, etc.)
  • in the fall of 2007, nearly 37 percent of American college students were twenty–five years of age or older
  • age diversity= opportunity to learn from others who have diff. life experiences
  • if someone has disability, treat them w respect, just like you would treat any student
  • gender studies courses could open up new ways of thinking about male & female characteristics, attributes, & identity as they relate to your world
  • inclusive curriculum: offers courses that introduces students to diverse people, worldviews, & approaches
  • education about diversity can increase problem-solving skills (diff. perspectives), positive relationships (common goals, respect, appreciation, commitment to equality), decrease stereotyping, & promo development of more in-depth view of world
  • service & volunteer organizations: connections to individuals interested in similar causes, provide link to social pipeline, camaraderie, & support & committed to community
examples: fraternities &sororities
  • career/major groups: can make contacts in field that could lead to career options
  • political/activist organizations: political affiliations/causes, provide debating events & forums to address current issues/events
  • special-interest groups: events highlighting specific interests/talents 
  • biases: tendency to hold certain perspective when there are valid alternatives
  • discrimination: act of treating people differently bc their race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic class, etc. rather than on merits
  • prejudice: preconceived judgement/opinion of someone based not on facts or knowledge ex. prejudging someone bc their skin color
  • student run organizations can provide multiple avenues to express ideas, pursue interests, & cultivate relationships
  • hate crime: any prejudicial activity and can include physical assault, vandalism, and intimidation
  • religious diversity has been central to the American experience since our colonial origins
  • successful college students have skills in understanding, appreciating, & embracing diversity

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