Sunday, November 15, 2015

Chapter 11: developing library, research, & information literacy skills

  • info. literacy: ability to find, interpret, & use info to meet your needs
-computer literacy: electronic tools, conduct inquiries & present info
-media literacy: think critically about tv, film, ad, radio, book, internet, etc.
-cultural literacy: knowing what's going on around you
  • sorting: process of sifting through available info & selecting what's relevant
  • be info. literate:
  1. know how to find info you need
  2. learn how to interpret the info
  3. have a purpose
  • determine nature & extent of info needed: what info do you need & potential sources
  • access info effectively & efficiently: search strategies, organize notes 
  • evaluate info & sources critically: reliability & usefulness
  • incorporate info into knowledge base & value system: validate/understand/interpret info
  • use info effectively to accomplish specific purpose: plan, revise, communicate results to others
  • access & use info ethically & legally: etiquette to copyright & intellectual property
  • repeating info from different sources w/o interpreting puts you at risk of plagiarism
  • if given a general/broad topic, narrow it down first
  • use the library: has books, computers,databases, librarians who know MLA/APA/other format
  • electronic resources: online catalogs, periodical databases, World Wide Web
  • library catalogs: what is available, abstracts, where it is, put on hold
  • periodical databases: search articles, newspapers, magazines, journals
  • be resource saavy:
-use Help or FAQs
-write topic as question
-Boolean operators: "and", "or", "not" (a way to help limit the number of hits)
-use different terms/synonyms
-limit search by date, language, journal name, full text, etc.
-expand search if not many hits
  • avoid plagiarism: don't procrastinate, add URL to notes if researching  online, use footnotes
  • relevance: is it introductory/basic, definitional/descriptive, analytical, comprehensive, current?
  • authority in authors: academic degrees, institutional affiliations, established record of researching &publishing on topic, personal experience 
  • signs of source bias: overly positive or harsh language, hints of agenda, stubborn refusal to consider other POVs
  • synthesis: combining separate info & ideas to form more complete understanding
  • use someone else's exact words or ideas, must give person credit
  • Modern Language Association- book on how to cite sources

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